Instruction to Authors


The Journal of Bahria University Medical and Dental College abbreviated as JBUMDC is a peer reviewed quarterly multidisciplinary biomedical journal of basic and clinical health sciences. It accepts manuscripts prepared in accordance with the Uniform Requirements for Submission of Manuscripts for Biomedical Journals, updated December 2015, adopted by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) www.icmje.org & PMDC guidelines for medical & Dental journals www.pmdc.gov.pk. The Journal will encompass manuscripts from all fields of biomedical sciences in the form of Editorial (Invited/Editor), Original Article, Review Article (narrative reviews and systematic reviews) , Short Communication (Commentary), special communications, brief report, recent advances, book review, personal views, Case study, clinical images/vignette and Letter to editor.

Every paper will be read by the editor. Selected papers will be sent to two reviewers. If statistical analysis is included examination by the staff statistician will be carried out.

JBUMDC follows the ICMJE, PMDC and HEC guidelines. Each manuscript will be scrutinized for plagiarism

Type the manuscript on ISO A4 (212 x 297 mm), with margins of at least 25 mm (1 inch). Type or print on only one side of the paper. Use double spacing throughout the manuscript. Start each section on new page. Number pages consecutively, beginning with the title page. Put the page number in the lower right-hand corner of each page.

Submission items include a Covering letter, Letter of undertaking duly signed by all authors, Title page and the Manuscript [Abstract, Key words, Introduction, Materials & Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgement, Authorship, Conflict of interest, References, Tables and Figures]. Title page should have complete title of the manuscript, the names of all authors with qualifications, their department, affiliation, telephone number, e-mail, corresponding author, address for correspondence, short running title, source of funding (grant/equipment/drugs), number of figures and tables, total word count, total number of pages.

It should have no more than 150 words for unstructured abstracts or 250 words for structured abstracts. The abstract should state the purpose of the study (objective), basic procedures (materials & methods with study design, subjects/animals, place & duration of study, drug/chemical/equipment, procedure or protocol), main findings (results) and conclusion. It should emphasize new and important aspects of the study. Below the abstract provide, 3-10 key words that will assist indexers in cross-indexing the article and may be published with the abstract.

State the purpose of the article and summarize the rationale for the study. Explain the hypothesis and the requirement of the research. Give only strictly pertinent references and do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported.

Describe your selection of the observational or experimental subjects (patients or laboratory animals, including controls) clearly. Identify the age, sex, and other important characteristics of the subjects. Identify the methods, apparatus (give the manufacturer’s name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s) and route(s) of administration. For randomized clinical trials provide information on all major study elements, including the protocol (study population, interventions or exposures, outcomes, and the rationale for statistical analysis), assignment of interventions (methods of randomization, concealment of allocation to treatment groups) and the method of masking (blinding). Authors submitting review manuscripts should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. These methods should also be summarized in the abstract. All studies must be approved by the relevant Ethics Committee/Institution Review Board of the respective institutions and approval letter must be submitted along with manuscript.

Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables or illustrations; emphasize or summarize only important observations. Describe appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty such as confidence intervals, P-value. Report complications of treatment & dropouts from a clinical trial. Specify any general-use computer programs employed for analysis.

Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail data or other material given in the Introduction or the Results section. Include in the Discussion section the implications of the findings and their limitations, including implications for future research. Relate the observations to other relevant studies. Link the conclusions with the goals of the study.

List all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, such as a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged.

Authorship credit is based only on the criteria laid down by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (http://www.icjme.org/recommendations/browse/roles-and-responsibilities/defining-the-role-ofauthors-and-contributors.html)  1) substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; 3) final approval of the version to be published; and 4) must all be met. Authors should provide a description of what each contributed.

All authors have to disclose and submit any financial /personnel relationship that might bias and inappropriately influence their work. Please download the form from web address and submit it with the manuscript http://www.icmje.org/conflicts-of-interest/

Majority of the references must be from last five years. Local references must also be included. Vancouver style should be followed. Examples are:

a. Standard journal article:

List the first six authors followed by et al.

  1. I) Less than 6 authors:

Vega KJ, Pina I, Krevsky B. Heart transplantation is associated with an increased risk for pancreato-biliary disease. Ann Intern Med 1996 Jun 1;124 (11):980-3.

b. Organization as author:

Parkin DM, Clayton D, Black RJ, Masuyer E, Friedl HP, Ivanov E, et al. Childhood leukaemia in Europe after Chernobyl: 5 year follow-up. Br J Cancer 1996;73:1006- 12.

c. No author given:

Cancer in South Africa [editorial]. S Afr Med J 1994;84:15.

d. Chapter in a book:

Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. p. 465-78.

e. Newspaper:

Hasan Mansoor. Excessive use of drugs creating resistance to antibiotics. The Dawn 2013, 24 June; sect. Metropolitan (col.1-4)

Type or print out each table with double spacing on a separate sheet of paper. Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each. Give each column a short or abbreviated heading. Place explanatory matter in footnotes. Explain in footnotes all nonstandard abbreviations that are used in each table. Identify statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean. Do not use internal horizontal and vertical rules.

Figures should be professionally drawn and photographed. Photographic prints 127 x 173 mm (5 x7 inches). Photomicrographs should have internal scale markers. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background. If photographs of people are used, either the subjects must not be identifiable or their pictures must be accompanied by written permission to use the photograph. Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text. If a figure has been published, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material.

Type or print out legends for illustrations using double spacing, starting on a separate page, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the illustrations. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend. Explain the internal scale and identify the method of staining in photomicrographs.

Measurements of length, height, weight, and volume should be reported in metric units. Temperatures in degrees Celsius, Blood pressure in millimeters of mercury & all hematologic and clinical chemistry measurements in the metric system in terms of the International System of Units (SI).

Use only standard abbreviations. Avoid abbreviations in the title and abstract. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement.

Submit manuscript by e-mail: editor.bumdc@bahria.edu.pk

All correspondence regarding submitted manuscripts will be via e-mail.

S #

Type of

Article

Abstract type & word count

Key words

Total word count

References

Tables

(Max)

Figures

(Max)

1

Editorial

1000-1500

10-12

2

Review Article Unstructured (150)

3-6

3000-3500

40-60

4

2

3

Original Article Structured (250)

3-10

2500-3000

25-35

4

3

4

Medical Education 1. Original Structured (250)

3-10

2500-3000

25-35

4

3

2. Review Unstructured (150)

3-6

3000-3500

40-60

4

2

3. Reproducible work (guide lines,

questionnaire)

Mention Source, Accessed on, Retrieval date

5

Short Communication / Commentary/ Opinions/ Perspectives Unstructured(150)

3-6

1200-1500

15-20

2

1

6

Student Corner 1.Original article, Structured (250)

3-10

2500-3000

25-35

4

3

2. Views/ Perspectives/ opinions

Unstructured (150 )

3-6

1200-1500

8-10

1

1

3. Student�s Activity Report BUMDC

7

Case Report Unstructured (150 )

3-5

1200-1300

10-12

1

2

8

Letter to Editor

400-500

5

9

Instruction to Author

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